Brolly 2020-09-21T00:00:00+00:00 Editor Open Journal Systems <p>Call for Papers - Vol. 3, No. 3 (December 2020)<br />Submission Deadline: November 25, 2020</p> Scottish Enlightenment Philosophy as a Theoretical Framework of Wine Rhetoric 2020-05-08T20:39:31+00:00 Bailey McAlister <p>Modern wine rhetoric embodies all of the persuasive communication skills developed by wine professionals as they navigate their field by learning new wine trends and experiencing different restaurant environments. The rhetorical skills they develop are reflective of Scottish Enlightenment theories on Taste and beauty. Though these fields do not usually intersect in formal education, exploring wine rhetoric through the lens of Scottish Enlightenment reveals the purposeful methodology behind their practice of persuasive communication. This article situates Enlightenment rhetoric in the current conversation of wine by illuminating today’s wine rhetorical practice as indebted to Enlightenment rhetorical theory and strategy.</p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Brolly The Performance of Cueca Dance 2020-09-20T11:07:05+00:00 Ioana Brezeanu <p>Over the past several decades, the neoliberal paradigm has dominated global economics and has marked a period of privatization, the supremacy of finance capital and the centrality of unaccountable global financial organizations. Since 2011, the world witnessed an increase in protests across the globe, as citizens have expressed their discontent with the political structures and policies that led to inequalities and the erosion of democratic institutions. Together with millions of people from Ecuador, Colombia, Lebanon, Brazil, Hong Kong or France, different groups of civilians also participated to mass-gatherings in Chile since October 2019 to nowadays. In this paper, I will try to elaborate on how protesters are answering to global challenges through local cultural resistance in order to build counter-identity. By tracing the history of Cueca, a traditional Chilean dance, this article aims to understand how the performance of these cultural practices had been submitted to various levels of re-constructions and re-appropriations of meanings, becoming both an instrument of politicization and a form of activism. Transversally, this analysis will examine how new political actions are shaping the dynamics of protests by different actors and instruments of propagation, specific to post neo-liberal societies: &nbsp;the dominant role of youth, the absence of political parties as main organizers and the widespread use of social media as means of political action.</p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Chronotopes of Trauma in Toni Morrison’s "Beloved" 2020-07-25T22:43:01+00:00 Abdelkader Ben Rhit <p>Trauma, a phenomenon which is too shocking to be fully registered upon its occurrence and which, instead, only manifests belatedly and somewhere else in intrusive images and compulsive re-enactments offers specific challenges to traditional notions of referentiality. This paper seeks to explore how traumatic experiences, such as The Middle Passage, slavery and racism can be represented, read, and perhaps worked through in terms of temporal and spatial references. By reading Toni Morrison’s <em>Beloved</em>, this paper seeks to demonstrate that trauma is represented, acted out, and possibly worked over, not just through references to time but also to space – geographical, bodily, and textual. Through the analysis of the configuration of space/place in Morrison’s <em>Beloved</em>, this paper reads trauma using Caruth’s theorizations and Bakhtin’s notion of chronotope. It offers an innovative reading of<em> Beloved</em> and argues that Morrison’s novel is a memory-site for remembering and bearing witness to the past traumatic event, a novel that attempts to communicate the spatiotemporally disruptive force of trauma. Finally, this paper aims to contribute to literary trauma studies by reconsidering and expanding the idea of representing trauma by using the concept of chronotope.</p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Brolly The Erasure of the “Real” by the “Hyperreal” in Postmodernity through Jean Baudrillard’s "Mode of Apprehension" 2020-07-18T14:31:41+00:00 Farhat Ben Amor <p>This article exposes the views of the French philosophical theorist, Jean Baudrillard (1929–2007), in relation to the dramatic shifts wrought to the world after being swamped with infinite forms of mass culture, ranging from mass production and consumerism to the invasion of the virtual cybernetic life to man’s reality across the globe. It is postmodernity as a condition characterized generally by the superabundance of quantitative provision whether of goods or leisure that Baudrillard seeks to study. This paper sets focus on Baudrillard’s conceptualization of the ‘‘real’’ in such a postmodern condition where he deems is kept shrunk, dissipated and eventually erased altogether by the omnipotent might of the ‘‘hyperreal.’’ The latter substitutes the ‘‘real’’ while incorporating in it infinite contrarieties of profound alternatives and never-ending options offered to man, on the one hand, countered by the sheer absence of referentiality, representation and even originality, on the other.</p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Brolly An Essay on Freedom 2020-08-01T10:58:31+00:00 Alex Phillip Yermolenko <p>Space, time and other “a <em>priori </em>synthetical cognitions”, through powers of mathematics and physics, these phenomena have been proven to exist. However, Kant asserts that “Freedom of the Will, the Immorality of the Soul and the Existence of God” are still questions that go beyond the possibilities of a <em>priori </em>and s <em>posterior </em>(Muller 1992, 32). What is the role of man in politics? How he manifests himself as a person and as a moral being? How creative is he and whether is capable of being aware of his actions? All these questions are within the debate of spectrum of the philosophical and political anthropology (Haugaard, 2016). The phenomenon of freedom has been debated since the ancient philosophy, and that we are speaking of not only about free will, but also about the individual’s freedom, whether “he is free” from the collective, in being naturally free, or being “free with” the collective, as means social freedom (Haugaard, 2016). Determinism and Indeterminism are two opposite philosophical concepts in which determinists believe in the objective nature of causality and, on the contrary, supporters of indeterminism completely deny objective causality, and causality in general (Ewer, 1907). This essay will illustrate views of political philosophers ranging from Aristotle to modern-day thinkers.</p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Brolly The “Unhomed” in Zora Neale Hurston's “Their Eyes Were Watching God” 2020-07-25T20:08:23+00:00 Sana Aribi <p>Many critics argue that Zora Neale Hurston overlooks racism in <em>Their Eyes Were Watching God</em>. This paper, however, discloses racial discrimination in this novel. Indeed, creating “unhomed” characters, Hurston dramatises African American agony. Dispossessed of her own body, Mrs Turner flounders in a dark skin that she endeavours to shed. Helplessly, Janie vacillates in-between two conflicting affinities. Starks is a prisoner within the confines of whites’ premises. Moreover, racial biases ostracise blacks on the muck. Voices of hostility break the silence of death and ruthlessly uproot the “unboxed” black corpses. From a postcolonial vantage point, this article explores racialism. Mainly, it relies on Homi Bhabha’s concept of homelessness or “cultural estrangement.” Where Bhabha differentiates between “unhomed and homeless”, this study delineates their overlap in <em>Their Eyes Were Watching God</em>. Hurston deliberately links cultural alienation with spatial “deprivation” in order to better articulate Blacks’ torments.</p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Brolly A Nigerian Perspective on the Healing of Jairus’ Daughter in Luke 8:40 2020-09-20T21:53:26+00:00 Julius Olajide Ademola <p>The nature of human existence makes it fundamentally necessary for people to live a healthy life. The need to restore people to full health has been paramount to man since creation. Man has always needed to suppress and reduce in intensity such things as enemies, sickness and diseases, which cause pains and damages to humanity.</p> <p>The healing could partly mean restoring what is broken between one human being and another, between human beings and the universe as a whole. Healing by Jesus aimed at restoring man to both physical and spiritual health. Man is a being, possessing body, mind and spirit, all inextricably connected; each part affecting the whole and the whole being greater than the part. There is also an interconnectedness between human beings and their environment. This interconnectedness acts as a force on the functioning of each individual as a person. Disease or ill-health often arises as a result of a state of imbalance either from within or from the environment. Jesus did not just heal physically without ensuring that those who were healed physically were also restored spiritually to health. Most of the healing miracles led to the confession of faith in Jesus, either before or after the healing.</p> <p>This study investigated, therefore, the healing of Jairus’ daughter in Luke 8:40 – 42, 49-56 in a Nigerian context, with a view to ascertaining the degree of compliance to Jesus’ command. This study adopted hermeneutical and exegetical methods to analyse the text in order to bring out the essential meaning of healing in the Bible in relation to practice in Nigerian society and descriptive methods of the survey were employed. The results of the interview were then analysed.&nbsp;</p> <p>The study concluded that healing is a fundamental aspect of liturgy and practice, which helps in bringing people to salvation. The study then recommended that the authority of the Church should ensure strict compliance with the principles and techniques of healing adopted by Jesus in Luke’s Gospel.</p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 The Imaginary Museum 2020-07-26T09:53:03+00:00 Monica Pinto Mendes <p><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Since Classical Antiquity, the role of Museums went through a process of metamorphosis. This article begins by scrutinizing the <em>Imaginary</em> </span><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Museum - </span></em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">a theme in the work of Andre Malraux, and lead us to embark on an imaginary journey without borders, founded on the interaction between the material world and the virtual world of a </span><em><span data-preserver-spaces="true">Museum Without Walls</span></em><span data-preserver-spaces="true"> that influences also the <em>Imaginary Documentary</em>. It concludes with a sociological reflection on what the Museum can offer today.</span></p> 2020-09-20T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Brolly